Bipolar disorder can cause extreme changes in mood between severe depression and mania. If you're experiencing the dramatic ups and downs typical of bipolar disorder, the experienced team at IC Health Services Inc. in Maryland can help. The team provides expert treatment for bipolar disorder at their locations in Pikesville and Frederick. Call the office nearest you to schedule an in-person or telehealth consultation or book an appointment online today.
Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric illness that causes extreme mood swings. You might experience months of severe depression, then become so energized you can't slow down or make rational decisions. During a manic phase, you might:
Next thing you know, the depression returns, and you're back to feeling hopeless and despairing. You can be overwhelmed by shame and guilt about the way you behaved during your manic episode, and instead of having endless energy and heightened self-esteem, you suffer from excessive tiredness and self-loathing.
Switching between these states is exhausting and severely limits your ability to work and deal with everyday life.
There are three types of bipolar disorder:
Bipolar 1 causes the most extreme mood fluctuations.
Bipolar 2 causes less extreme episodes of mania, and you might experience periods of relative normality as you move from a manic to a depressive state and vice versa. However, the depression patients get with bipolar 2 disorder can be severe.
Cyclothymic disorder is the mildest form of bipolar. You're likely to experience regular changes between depression and mania that are less extreme than those in types 1 and 2.
The team at IC Health Services treats bipolar disorder with a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Medicines that can help with bipolar disorder include:
Mood-stabilizing medications like lithium and carbamazepine can help to reduce the frequency and intensity of manic episodes.
Antipsychotic drugs like olanzapine, risperidone, and quetiapine can help with both manic and depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder.
Antidepressants help you manage the depressive phases of your bipolar disorder. You typically take them with a mood stabilizer or antipsychotic medication to prevent them from triggering a manic episode. Symbyax® combines an antidepressant (fluoxetine) with an antipsychotic (olanzapine) to treat both depression and mania.
Medications like benzodiazepines may be helpful short-term to reduce anxiety and help you to sleep.
Psychotherapy is also essential in successfully treating bipolar disorder. Your provider may also use techniques like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoeducation, and interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT), which focuses on establishing routines for enhanced mood management.
If you're struggling with symptoms of bipolar disorder, you can benefit from the team’s expertise. Call IC Health Services Inc. today to schedule an in-person or telehealth consultation or book an appointment online.